The Small Business Administration is an agency of the United States government designed to assist small business owners throughout their businesses. Small businesses are privately owned enterprises, partnerships, or sole ownership which have less than five employees and/or fewer than fifty employees annually. Private-sector small business operators must meet specific business criteria established by the SBA. To qualify, private sector companies need to have their businesses operated at least six years.
There are two types of small businesses employing less than five employees: sole proprietorships and partnerships. Partnerships employ more employees; however, they are generally limited in liability and control. These businesses employing fewer employees may be comprised of one owner – called the principal owner – and one or more limited or general partners. When there are more than 50 employees, these partnerships, also called LLCs, may be referred to as corporations.
Sole proprietor small businesses have the greatest difficulty in getting a loan. Because they do not have an owner, they are considered a high-risk loaned to a small business owner. As such, the Small Business Administration severely limits the amount of money that can be borrowed by these companies. Also, because they are only one person, there is no one to check on the company’s compliance with lending agreements. That puts these businesses at greater risk of defaulting on loans.
On the other hand, sole proprietor small businesses can obtain a small business loan even with poor credit. A credit score of about 650 is needed to secure a loan for this type of small business. Lenders feel more comfortable lending to those with more than an average credit score. In addition, there are fewer risks involved in loaning money to these companies with fewer employees, fewer outlets, and fewer revenues.
As a result, small businesses are able to obtain funds more quickly than businesses with a low number of outlets, fewer revenues, and a higher rate of default. These lending institutions are willing to lend a higher interest rate to those with selected characteristics. When a small business is founded with one outlet and acquires another, it is not considered a risk. However, when two such businesses combine, it is considered a high-risk loan. This is because there are a high number of opportunities for the combined firm to fail.
An industry publication is a lending institution that specifically provides information and lending criteria to assist prospective lenders in finding small businesses. Small business employment data is available from this industry publication. Industry publications typically provide a directory of small business employment firms. This includes data on firms that hire specific types of employees.
This employment data allows prospective lenders to compare small businesses that apply to obtain a loan against other small businesses that may have similar selected characteristics. This comparison provides information that can help a lender to make a more informed decision. Lenders also benefit by knowing that financing for their project is based upon concrete facts instead of “gut feelings.” The publication that provides employment data is typically very detailed and it contains an alphabetical list that enables readers to easily identify various industries. In addition, the publication usually provides a very large sample of the various types of employers who hire these types of workers.
There are many factors that determine the success of a venture. One of the key factors is the level of profitability obtained through the venture. In order to determine profitability, several variables must be analyzed. One of these variables is the level of profits obtained from a corporation with fewer employees than another corporation with the same sales volume. Small business employment data helps Lending Institutions obtain a reliable estimate of the profitability of a corporation with the selected characteristics that they are looking for.